current time and date
currency: Tunisian dinar (TND)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Tunisia profile
strategic location in central Mediterranean;

Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
Tunisia history
Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion in 1881 and the creation of a protectorate.

Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I was finally successful in getting the French to recognize Tunisia as an independent state in 1956.

The country's first president, Habib BOURGUIBA, established a strict one-party state.

He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation.

In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup.

Street protests that began in Tunis in December 2010 over high unemployment, corruption, widespread poverty, and high food prices escalated in January 2011, culminating in rioting that led to hundreds of deaths.

On 14 January 2011, the same day BEN ALI dismissed the government, he fled the country, and by late January 2011, a "national unity government" was formed.

Elections for the new Constituent Assembly were held in late October 2011, and in December, it elected human rights activist Moncef MARZOUKI as interim president.

The Assembly began drafting a new constitution in February 2012, and released a second working draft in December 2012.

The interim government has proposed presidential and parliamentary elections be held in 2013.
interesting Tunisia facts
Conventional long form: Tunisian Republic

Conventional short form: Tunisia

Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah

Local short form: Tunis
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Tunisia's capital city is Tunis
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Tunisia Constitution:

1 June 1959;

amended 1988, 2002;

note - the Constituent Assembly formed in October 2011 following the country's political revolution was charged with writing a new constitution
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Tunisia population growth rate: 0.964%
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Tunisia highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m
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Tunisia lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
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About 17% of Tunisia's land is arable.
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Medjerda River is the Longest River in Tunisia
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Tunisia birth rate is 17 births/1,000 population
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Tunisia infant mortality rate is 25 deaths/1,000 live births
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Tunisia fertility rate is 2.01 children born/woman
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Tunisia climate:

temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers;

desert in south
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Top 10 cities of Tunisia with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Tunis: 993,000
2. Sfax: 904,900
3. Nabeul: 733,500
4. Sousse: 590,400
5. Ben Arous: 555,700
6. Kairouan: 553,800
7. Bizerte: 538,900
8. Monastir: 494,900
9. Ariana: 473,100
10. Medenine: 447,400
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Tunisia ethnic groups:

Arab - 98%

European - 1%

Jewish and other - 1%
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Tunisia Exports:


semi-finished goods and textiles

agricultural products

mechanical goods

phosphates and chemicals


electrical equipment
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Tunisia Imports:


machinery and equipment



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unicameral Constituent Assembly (217 seats); note - it is unclear as to the legislative role of the Constituent Assembly

Administrative Divisions:
24 governorates (wilayat, singular - wilayah)
Ariana (Aryanah), Beja (Bajah), Ben Arous (Bin 'Arus), Bizerte (Banzart), Gabes (Qabis), Gafsa (Qafsah), Jendouba (Jundubah), Kairouan (Al Qayrawan), Kasserine (Al Qasrayn), Kebili (Qibili), Kef (Al Kaf), Mahdia (Al Mahdiyah), Manouba (Manubah), Medenine (Madanin), Monastir (Al Munastir), Nabeul (Nabul), Sfax (Safaqis), Sidi Bou Zid (Sidi Bu Zayd), Siliana (Silyanah), Sousse (Susah), Tataouine (Tatawin), Tozeur (Tawzar), Tunis, Zaghouan (Zaghwan)
Political parties and leaders:
Afek Tounes - Emna MINF

Alliance for Tunisia (a coalition of Tunisia's Call [Beji Caid ESSEBSI], Republicsn Party {Maya JRIBI and Najib CHBBI],Democratic Path [Ahmed BRAHIM])

al-Nahda (The Renaissance) - Rachid GHANNOUCHI

Congress Party for the Republic (CPR) - Moncef MARZOUKI

Democratic Forum for Labor and Liberties (FDTL) (Ettakatol) - Mustapha Ben JAAFAR

Democratic Modernist Pole (PDM) (a coalition)

Democratic Socialist Movement (MDS)

Et-Tajdid Movement - Ahmed IBRAHIM

Green Party for Progress (PVP) - Mongi KHAMASSI

Liberal Social Party (PSL) - Mondher THABET

Movement of Socialist Democrats (MDS) - Ismail BOULAHYA

Popular Petition (Aridha Chaabia) - Hachemi HAMDI

Popular Unity Party (PUP) - Mohamed BOUCHIHA

Progressive Democratic Party (PDP) - Maya JERIBI

The Initiative - Kamel MORJANE (formerly the Constitutional Democratic Rally or RCD)

Tunisian Workers' Communist Party (PCOT) - Hamma HAMMAMI

Unionist Democratic Union (UDU) - Ahmed INOUBLI